Air raid shelters or Anderson Shelter.

How to make an Anderson Shelter.

PT3 go to PT1-PT2 - PT4 - PT5

In this 3rd part of the craft project on how to make a realistic miniature version of a WWII bomb Shelter, you will now add the sloping grass bank on the back of the shelter.

How to make a model Anderson Shelter Building a model WWII Air raid shelter.
How to build a Anderson shelter. How to make a model Bomb shelter

Parent supervision required !!.

For this simple project you will need:
A stiff corrugated cardboard box, e.g. A family size crisps box.
A craft knife or Scissors
Pencil or pen
A paint brush
PVA adhesive or sticky tape
Clothes Pegs
Glue spreader or glue stick

Stage 8:
Back of the shelter.

With both the main bomb shelter and it's front made you are now ready to make the sloping grass bank on the back of the shelter.

Make a model WWII bomb shelter. Back of an Anderson shelter

It is a very similar process to how you made the front only this time you will only need to make three components. Two sides and a back piece which will form the top and slope.

For this, you will first need to make two identical pieces like the ones shown below. These will attach to your bomb shelter back and form the sloping grass banks.
Bomb shelter back pieces
You can see in the picture that both side pieces have tabs on three sides. You will also notice that the top tab is predominantly a rectangle type shape. This forms a tab that you will need to fold over to fit a third component that will form the top and back of the slope as shown below.
The fourth edge that does not have tabs will be at the base of the shelter.
Anderson shelter rear sloping bank.
Sloping bank of bomb shelter.
To make the back piece, simply hold a piece of cardboard against the two side pieces that you have already fixed in place and draw the shape required making sure you allow for the rectangular shape at the top which will form the top of the slope as shown.
Sloping bank.
When sticking the back piece together ensure that all the tabs are in firm contact with all the components of the shelter. See below
Cardboard tabs.
fixing the back of a model air raid shelter.

With this completed your Anderson shelter should now be ready for finishing on the outside as shown below.

To add the grass effect simply paint the shelter with the colour's of your choice or as described in PT2 simply print off a grass effect from an image on the web as described in PT2, Stage 7: Adding some detail to the front of the shelter. Shown below.

PT2 Stage 7:
Adding some detail to the front of the shelter.
Once you have assembled the front of the bomb shelter you are now ready to add the finishing touches.
You can either paint it with the effect that you want or like me, you can source an image from the internet and apply it to the finished frame.

As you can see in the picture below I chose a grass effect. To do this find the image you require and copy it into MS Paint. You may need to scale it down to match the size of the model as can be seen in my example. Once it is scaled down to the correct size go to page setup and set the page to A4, remove all borders although the printer will add a minimum border, This is OK, then press print.

I printed off 4 copies so that I could use them to cover my whole shelter once it was complete as seen in the pictures at the top of this page.

With this done you can now use them to add some finishing touches to the front of the Anderson shelter.
Adding a grass effect to your model.
You will also see that I have added a corrugated Iron effect to the shelter front. This can be done exactly the same as adding the grass effect and is discussed earlier.
Grass effect layer

I chose this image as it will add a nice raised 3D effect to the sides of my air raid shelter. As shown in the example above, make sure you overlap the front edge. To enable you to stick the edge down carefully make several scissor snips along the overlapping edge and glue each piece to the front sloping face. The reason for this is so that when you add your sandbag effect to the front the cut edges of the sandbags will have a grass effect behind them making them look more real as if they are slightly overgrown with grass.
Finishing the outside of a model Bomb/Anderson shelter.
As you can see I have started with the sides of the shelter. If you have chosen to print off your grass effect as I have, try to match the edges of each piece to create the illusion of one continuous grass strip as shown above. Cover your whole shelter until it looks like the image below.
Covering you Anderson shelter with grass.